Chronic oro-facial pain conditions are complex and often have many potential contributing factors. They require long term treatment strategies with periodic review of patients for pain control , function and quality of life.
Disorders affecting the jaw joint (TMJ) are common and troublesome. Persons suffering from disorders of the TMJ experience symptoms of various degrees including pain, clicking / popping noises, difficulty in opening mouth wide and variation in mouth opening patterns. Reasons for these disorders vary from simple activities like opening the mouth too wide (as in yawning, trying to bite into a burger etc:-) , biting hard substances like frozen chocolates, hard candies etc: to more complex reasons like trauma and bone diseases affecting the jaw joint. Symptoms occur as a result of one or many of the following reasons;
Spasms in the muscles moving the joints
Displacement of the "disc" present in the joint from its natural position
Inflammation in the structures of the joint (bone, ligaments, capsule etc
TMJ disorders many a time resolve spontaneously without the need for any treatment. But, sometime they take a chronic path and affect patient's daily activities and quality of life.
Patients with TMJ disorders are also affected by psychological distress, pain in other body parts like in Head, Neck, Shoulders, Back and also fatigue.
There is no proven specific therapy available to treat these TMJ disorders and it is always better to treat them with conservative treatment procedures and home care before considering intense and invasive / irreversible therapies. See Less Is Often Best In Treating TMJ Disorders AND Policy statement of American Association for Dental research.
At Samhitaa, the entire spectrum of disorders affecting the jaw joint (TMJ) are managed using an integrated conservative approach with good results. Most of the treatment modalities are single sitting procedures followed by home care for two weeks. Even complex cases such as patients with skeletal deformities having disc displacement disorders are managed effectively by conservative approaches.